Use The RICE Therapy Method
Rest. Ice. Compress. Elevate. This is how you control the swelling of a sprain or strain. First, rest the area that has been hurt. If you need to move with a leg injury, use crutches. Tape injured toes and fingers. Make sure it’s taped to an adjacent toe or finger.
Keep the swollen area iced for twenty minutes every hour. Warning! Do not place the ice directly on your skin as it can be damaging. Instead, use a thin piece of cloth as a barrier.
If the injury is a limb or at a joint, be sure to wrap an elastic bandage lightly around it. This will help compress it. Please make sure that it is not too tight. This is why there are special braces just for the ankle. It takes special precision to neutralize swelling there.
To eliminate swelling as much as possible, elevate the afflicted area to above heart level. This will reduce the amount of blood flowing to the area.
How To Manage Pain And Inflammation
If you still have pain and inflammation, then take a NSAID, known as a non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug. These can be found over the counter. Tylenol, aspirin, and ibuprofen are all good examples. Do not give aspirin to minors.
See Your Doctor ASAP
If you have anything more than a minor sprain or strain, then you need to see a doctor. Sometimes there may be broken bones or tissues that we are not aware of. If this is the case, then you need to get to a doctor without delay. If you cannot move your injured area, it’s numb, it’s swelling and you have a fever, or you hear a popping sound, then you probably have broken bones.
You want to keep up with the RICE treatment for up to 48 hours or at least until you can get to a doctor. You may have to get a MRI or X-ray. The doctor will then give you a splint or cast to wear until healing is complete. Surgery and rehabilitation are for more major cases.