Types Of Burn And How They Are Treated
Most of the time, it’s not necessary to do much about minor burns. Harsher burns, however, should be treated with care, preferably with the assistance of your doctor. Regardless of the situation; the most important thing is, of course, removing the cause of the burn so further damage is not inflicted.
Heat burns are a result of exposed skin being in contact with very high temperatures, usually due to contact with open flames. Smother the flames with a blanket, towel or other thick material (get it wet first if possible). If you feel you can’t put out the fire, dial 911 immediately. If your hair or clothes catch on fire, smother it by following the stop, drop all roll method. If the burn is severe or you aren’t sure, immediately seek the assistance of your doctor.
Cold temperature burns happen when your skin is exposed to very low temperatures for long periods of time. When dealing with them, you should do whatever you can to warm up the affected area. Blow warm air into it if it’s small, protect with clothing or warm (not hot) water. If the burn is severe or you aren’t sure, immediately seek the assistance of your doctor.
Liquid Scald Burns:
Liquid scald burns are a very common type of burn, often happening to children due to accidental spilling of hot liquids. Do not apply ice to the burn. Instead, run cool tap water over it for at least ten minutes. If the burn is severe or you aren’t sure, immediately seek the assistance of your doctor.
Electrical burns happen when the body comes in direct contact with electricity. It’s very dangerous to touch a person who’s in direct contact with an electrical source. Separate the person from the source while making sure you won’t be electrocuted yourself. Make sure they’re breathing and have a heartbeat, and if it’s not the case, call 911 immediately.
Chemical burns happen due to contact with irritating chemicals. If your skin comes in contact with any type of substance known to be irritating, and you feel a burning sensation, you should contact the local Poison Control Center. Tell them the substance which caused it and they’ll inform you how to treat the burn. And of course, if the burn is severe or you aren’t sure, immediately seek the assistance of your doctor.
Tar & Hot Plastic Burns:
Tar and Hot Plastic burns are very dangerous, because when trying to peel them off, you might remove skin from the affected area. When dealing with this type of burn, run cold water over the tar or hot plastic. If an accident occurred, there will likely be other injuries – look for them. Remove all jewelry or clothing from the burnt area, and don’t touch anything stuck to the burnt skin. When dealing with any type of burn, it’s important that you cover the area with a clean and dry cloth, in order to prevent infections. Do not apply anything to the area except water, so your doctor can see what the burn looks like and treat it better.